spp hybrid firm: นี่คือโพสต์ที่เกี่ยวข้องกับหัวข้อนี้
Eppo to bid out SPP hybrid licences
A small power generator located at a village. The energy regulator plans to open new round of licensing bids for the development of renewable power.
The Energy Policy and Planning Office (Eppo) plans to launch a new round of licensing bids for the development of renewable power projects for the small power producer (SPP) programme under a hybrid firm power purchasing agreement, or SPP hybrid firm.
The licences will be for a combined power-generating capacity of 300 megawatts.
With a firm power purchasing agreement (PPA), the SPPs need to be well managed in terms of power resources and power storage systems to generate constant power to the state utilities.
A firm PPA is a contract under which operators supply an exact amount of power as required by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand.
An SPP hybrid firm PPA allows operators to mix in renewable power resources such as gas, biomass or other agricultural waste to generate power. The country’s renewable power development plan calls for licences for investors to generate a total capacity of 850-1,000MW this year.
Twarath Sutabutr, director-general of Eppo, said licences for the SPP hybrid projects are expected to be provided to investors by the second quarter this year. The licences consist of five groups, with the first to be granted SPP hybrid firm PPAs.
He said the total investment in all five groups of renewable power licences this year is expected to be 42-50 billion baht, excluding investment in land.
Before issuing licences, the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) will screen investors to ensure they are active. Inactive investors are barred from this round because there were some 200MW of inactive projects that obtained licences since last year with no investment being made.
The screening process is expected to be complete by April. The ERC will issue investment conditions and business models for the projects.
The Provincial Electricity Authority and the Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Department will map out the locations to avoid renewable power projects in areas that lack transmission lines.
The second round of renewable power licences for this year is for very small power producers (VSPPs), which could be under a semi-firm power purchasing agreement. These projects include biomass and other renewable power sources nationwide, including in the three deep southern provinces, with total capacity of 289MW.
Investment conditions and business models will be determined by the ERC, said Mr Twarath.
The ERC set up two VSPPs in the deep South under the Pracha Rat project. The first phase covered capacity of 18MW and the second 35MW.
The last renewable group to be given licences this year were solar farms and waste-to-energy projects with 200MW capacity.
[NEW] Rewnewable Energy Sector Update | spp hybrid firm – POLLICELEE
The firm PPA lasts for 20 years, and requires the SPP to deliver between 98% and 102% of the PPA capacity during “peak” periods (currently between 9am and 10pm on Monday to Friday) and limits power output at all other times to 66.3% of the PPA capacity.
For example, an SPP with a 10 MW PPA could use a 6.5 MW waste to energy plant exporting to the grid 24 hours per day, supplemented by a solar and wind farm with battery storage, exporting an additional 3.5 MW to the grid during peak hours.
On this example, a hybrid power plant would need a power management system in place to ensure a continuous combined power output between 9.8 MW and 10.2 MW at all times during peak hours, and to limit export to the grid to 6.63 MW at all other times.
The hybrid PPA scheme does not expressly require a minimum power output during off-peak periods, however bidders should assume that the ability of an SPP to provide continuous off-peak delivery of 65% of the PPA capacity will form part of the technical evaluation of the bids.
Renewable Energy Sources
Hybrid PPA applications are required to specify the type(s) of renewable energy to be used in a power plant but there is no requirement for a minimum number of renewable energy types, nor are there any restrictions on the types of renewable energy technology which may be used.
Fossil fuels (such as natural gas) can only be used to the extent required in the start- up process of a power generator, but coal is not permitted in any circumstances.
Biomass, biogas and refuse-derived fuel are obvious choices for generating the 65% baseline requirements, with small hydro, wind and solar generators combined with battery storage bringing capacity up to 100% during peak periods.
If the SPP wishes to amend the proportion of renewable energy supply or technology after the submission of its application, consent will be required from the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand.
Fuel Procurement Planning
Hybrid PPA applicants are required to prepare a long-term fuel supply procurement plan throughout the 20 year PPA period. This will typically involve long-term feedstock supply contracts.
If biomass is used as a fuel in a power plant project, the fuel supply procurement plan must ensure that there is sufficient energy crop cultivation to fuel the power plant project.
Hybrid PPA FiT Rate
A single FiT benchmark rate of THB3.66 per unit will apply to all renewable energy types, subject to discounts tendered by PPA applicants and variations of the variable component:
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